Species trends

Accompanying text of the update and indices and trends for 170 European bird species freely available for download in Excel sheets are presented here.

If you wish to use our data we recommend to read the rules of using the PECBMS outputs which are stated in our Data Access And Co-authorship Policy

Confidence limits may be shown only if the option All data in one graph is set to no.

Alauda arvensis (Eurasian Skylark)

Moderate decline (explanation)

Population index (%) 1980 - 2016 , Europe

Countries

Source of the data: EBCC/BirdLife/RSPB/CSO

Species Long-term Trend (%)a) Long-term Slope (SE)b) Ten-year Trend (%)a) Ten-year Slope (SE)b) Habitat
-86 0.9691 (0.0039) -50 0.9829 (0.0063) other
12 0.9922 (0.0064) 10 0.9987 (0.0059) forest
40 1.0109 (0.0101) 0 0.9782 (0.0119) other
-8 0.9973 (0.0025) -23 0.9918 (0.0064) other
-39 0.9988 (0.005) -20 0.9719 (0.014) other
-4 0.9984 (0.0013) -3 0.9949 (0.0046) other
-34 0.9839 (0.0027) -8 0.9917 (0.0072) other
67 1.005 (0.0051) 12 1.0035 (0.0059) other
-53 0.9831 (0.0008) -15 0.9762 (0.0017) farmland
218 1.0041 (0.0067) 1 1.0238 (0.0112) other
-33 0.9765 (0.002) -34 0.9392 (0.0036) farmland
43 1.0097 (0.0015) -9 0.9911 (0.0027) other
-69 0.9795 (0.1295) -11 0.9857 (0.0119) farmland
-61 0.9747 (0.0032) 11 1.0124 (0.0026) farmland
-55 0.9773 (0.001) -12 0.9895 (0.002) forest
-3 0.9999 (0.0037) -15 0.9769 (0.0041) other
141 1.0163 (0.0018) -12 0.9827 (0.0026) other
370 1.0748 (0.0131) 110 1.0266 (0.0123) forest
-59 0.9892 (0.0049) -50 0.9462 (0.0115) forest
29 1.008 (0.0071) 52 1.058 (0.0123) farmland
-20 1.0021 (0.0041) -19 0.9673 (0.0092) farmland
127 1.0174 (0.0027) 1 0.9988 (0.0029) other
34 1.012 (0.0049) 29 1.0327 (0.0079) farmland
0 0 (0) -52 0.929 (0.0128) other
18 1.0174 (0.0033) 4 1.0023 (0.003) other
0 0 (0) -4 1.0054 (0.0127) forest
-38 0.9864 (0.0027) -29 0.9691 (0.0087) other
61 1.0146 (0.0057) 50 1.0443 (0.0109) other
3 1.0151 (0.0037) 20 1.0206 (0.003) forest
-15 0.9961 (0.0019) -3 1 (0.0042) forest
598 1.0313 (0.0085) 9 1.0039 (0.0049) other
10 1 (0.002) -11 0.9859 (0.0019) other
54 1.0148 (0.0045) -1 1.0038 (0.0058) farmland
349 1.0433 (0.0051) 28 1.0053 (0.012) other
4 1.0147 (0.0025) 42 1.0353 (0.0039) other
11 1.0118 (0.0093) -48 0.9127 (0.0127) other
4 1.0007 (0.0033) 27 1.0302 (0.0049) forest
40 1.0092 (0.003) 31 1.022 (0.0036) forest
84 1.0156 (0.0017) 18 1.0149 (0.0012) other
87 1.0154 (0.0031) 1 1.0008 (0.0037) other
20 1.0056 (0.0017) -1 0.997 (0.0012) other
180 1.0245 (0.0024) -4 0.9901 (0.0043) farmland
37 0.9975 (0.0035) -6 1.0046 (0.0051) other
-30 0.9898 (0.0014) -11 0.993 (0.0028) other
-34 0.9724 (0.0096) -14 0.9852 (0.0111) other
32 1.0102 (0.0012) -1 1.0031 (0.0022) other
92 1.0264 (0.0054) 63 1.0344 (0.0089) forest
-23 1.014 (0.0023) -4 1.0001 (0.0045) other
30 0.9969 (0.005) -15 0.9895 (0.0037) other
76 1.0145 (0.0012) 7 1.0101 (0.0018) other
-75 0.974 (0.0143) -14 0.962 (0.0094) forest
0 0 (0) -51 0.9342 (0.0244) other
59 1.0097 (0.003) 3 0.9962 (0.0063) forest
0 0 (0) -4 1.008 (0.0105) other
-80 0.9687 (0.0058) 5 1.0023 (0.0028) farmland
-4 1.0011 (0.0049) -1 0.9876 (0.009) other
67 1.0243 (0.0108) 62 1.0806 (0.0263) farmland
-47 0.9864 (0.0008) -9 0.99 (0.0014) farmland
-87 0.9439 (0.0045) -19 0.9723 (0.0082) farmland
0 0 (0) -22 0.9658 (0.0131) farmland
-82 0.9447 (0.0058) 29 1.0067 (0.014) forest
-36 0.9905 (0.0015) -15 0.9767 (0.0031) other
29 1.0081 (0.0007) 4 1.0009 (0.0014) other
-17 0.9908 (0.0029) 14 0.9996 (0.0031) farmland
163 1.0197 (0.0044) 14 1.0171 (0.008) forest
-38 0.986 (0.0012) -24 0.977 (0.004) forest
6 1.0008 (0.0005) -3 0.9986 (0.001) other
-50 0.9731 (0.0076) -15 0.9956 (0.0049) other
19 1.0064 (0.0017) -12 0.9816 (0.0048) other
-95 0.8668 (0.0235) 0 0.9908 (0.0036) farmland
80 1.0279 (0.0052) 51 1.0348 (0.0076) farmland
-53 0.9716 (0.0041) -8 0.9905 (0.0099) other
-18 0.9978 (0.0025) -17 0.9812 (0.0039) other
11 1.0059 (0.0019) 1 1.0029 (0.0033) forest
387 1.0522 (0.0038) 29 1.0343 (0.0042) other
-10 0.9871 (0.0016) -18 0.9765 (0.0044) other
-51 0.9861 (0.002) -14 1.0006 (0.0049) other
-29 0.9934 (0.0072) -10 1.0011 (0.0049) other
-9 0.9972 (0.0026) -13 0.9797 (0.0026) farmland
0 0 (0) 52 1.0121 (0.0255) other
-63 0.9767 (0.0049) -3 1.0119 (0.0089) other
-34 1.0011 (0.0034) -12 1.0083 (0.0056) farmland
0 0 (0) 24 1.0039 (0.0475) farmland
-37 0.9771 (0.0037) -24 0.9828 (0.0066) farmland
-37 0.9711 (0.0056) -12 0.9607 (0.035) other
41 1.0147 (0.0095) 37 1.0387 (0.0078) forest
-56 0.9668 (0.0019) -21 0.9709 (0.0041) farmland
-55 0.9716 (0.0014) 29 1.0137 (0.007) farmland
-78 0.9704 (0.0076) -49 0.9669 (0.0169) other
-72 0.9743 (0.0087) -38 0.9682 (0.0112) other
-45 0.9927 (0.0022) -8 0.9947 (0.0047) forest
2 1.0351 (0.0064) 12 0.9945 (0.0035) other
-30 0.9921 (0.0029) -30 0.9738 (0.0067) other
-65 0.9864 (0.0027) 9 1.0073 (0.0028) other
-40 1.0029 (0.0049) -41 0.9688 (0.0067) other
-47 0.969 (0.0027) 0 0.9986 (0.0064) farmland
67 1.0022 (0.0125) -21 0.9798 (0.0055) other
-7 0.9981 (0.0018) -5 0.9922 (0.0027) other
12 0.9965 (0.0031) -6 0.992 (0.0061) other
-76 0.9575 (0.0108) 9 1.0053 (0.0048) farmland
-51 0.9866 (0.0015) -8 0.9953 (0.0032) other
84 0.9958 (0.0078) -10 0.9958 (0.0109) forest
-43 0.9869 (0.003) -8 0.9962 (0.003) other
30 1.0113 (0.0045) -18 0.9988 (0.0099) other
0 0 (0) 18 0.9948 (0.0124) other
-40 0.9742 (0.0053) -31 0.9794 (0.0157) farmland
-72 0.9753 (0.0036) -32 0.9677 (0.0046) other
13 1.0029 (0.0035) 0 1.0039 (0.0026) other
13 1.0038 (0.0008) 5 1.0089 (0.0014) other
-69 0.9757 (0.0031) -11 0.9908 (0.0024) other
-64 0.9782 (0.0043) 6 1.0215 (0.0052) farmland
-89 0.9327 (0.0118) -15 0.9678 (0.0068) farmland
-10 0.9947 (0.0018) 8 1.0078 (0.003) forest
41 1.0116 (0.0049) 40 1.0408 (0.0084) farmland
49 1.0103 (0.0015) -7 0.9948 (0.0014) other
70 1.0103 (0.0046) 12 1.0119 (0.0021) other
6 1.0106 (0.0017) 25 1.0301 (0.0023) forest
-17 0.9986 (0.0058) 69 1.0705 (0.0056) forest
137 1.0165 (0.0008) 16 1.0119 (0.0023) forest
-40 0.9819 (0.0017) -9 0.992 (0.0034) forest
-34 0.9861 (0.0005) -7 0.9958 (0.001) other
1 0.9889 (0.0026) -1 0.9979 (0.0022) other
699 1.0384 (0.0148) 56 1.0564 (0.0282) forest
66 1.0225 (0.0033) -2 0.9949 (0.0023) other
-16 1.0003 (0.0031) -18 0.9861 (0.0044) other
-1 0.9871 (0.0036) 2 0.9971 (0.008) other
-73 0.9663 (0.002) -32 0.9733 (0.0043) forest
-33 0.9937 (0.0033) 0 1.0103 (0.0039) forest
-28 0.9926 (0.001) -1 0.9977 (0.0019) other
64 1.0091 (0.0066) 12 1.0034 (0.0124) other
31 1.0127 (0.0081) 13 1.0414 (0.0136) other
-46 0.9877 (0.0022) 12 1.0193 (0.0043) forest
-5 1.0008 (0.0077) 32 1.0333 (0.0033) forest
-36 0.9833 (0.0012) -15 0.9968 (0.0022) forest
-86 0.9768 (0.0063) -18 0.9758 (0.0038) farmland
25 0.9962 (0.0089) 0 0.9968 (0.0039) farmland
-48 0.9712 (0.0021) -2 0.9926 (0.0025) farmland
103 1.0168 (0.0026) 8 1.0161 (0.0029) forest
-8 0.9894 (0.0029) -5 1.0003 (0.0039) forest
67 1.0162 (0.0023) 8 1.0134 (0.0032) other
-80 0.9609 (0.0034) -29 0.9676 (0.0039) farmland
10 1.0087 (0.0023) -4 0.9954 (0.004) farmland
-64 0.9757 (0.0026) -10 0.994 (0.0026) farmland
145 1.0289 (0.0009) 16 1.0214 (0.0015) other
-28 0.9918 (0.0009) -20 0.9849 (0.0026) other
154 1.0506 (0.02) 12 1.017 (0.009) other
24 1.0066 (0.0014) 9 1.0022 (0.0024) farmland
-20 1.0007 (0.0015) -9 0.987 (0.0033) other
141 1.0592 (0.009) 99 1.06 (0.0124) other
84 1.0079 (0.0108) 7 1.0065 (0.0057) other
0 0 (0) 41 1.0538 (0.0163) other
-61 0.9611 (0.02) 11 1.0244 (0.02) other
-42 0.9727 (0.0054) -25 0.9671 (0.0094) other
9 1.0044 (0.0051) -5 1.011 (0.0116) other
39 1.0057 (0.0025) 7 1.0042 (0.0047) other
-61 0.9525 (0.0053) -51 0.9151 (0.0116) farmland
0 0 (0) -48 0.9548 (0.0224) other
-17 0.9963 (0.0031) 6 1.0044 (0.0048) other
-8 0.9934 (0.0052) -6 0.9957 (0.0057) other
-4 1.0076 (0.0035) -11 1.0046 (0.0063) forest
-56 0.9774 (0.0027) -12 0.9846 (0.0046) other
71 1.0135 (0.0008) 12 1.0121 (0.0013) other
-17 0.9926 (0.0017) -13 0.9728 (0.0028) other
28 1.0086 (0.0006) 14 1.0135 (0.0009) other
2 1.0041 (0.0007) 20 1.0123 (0.0017) other
34 1.0021 (0.0013) 7 1.0063 (0.0026) other
0 0.9944 (0.007) 3 1.0037 (0.0069) other
-22 0.9958 (0.0023) 28 1.0165 (0.0024) forest
201 1.0301 (0.0406) -1 0.9916 (0.004) farmland
-58 0.9715 (0.0029) -14 0.9803 (0.0042) farmland